FAKTOR RISIKO KEJADIAN ANEMIA PADA IBU HAMIL DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS BONTONOMPO KABUPATEN GOWA

Zakaria1, Abdullah Thamrin1, Rudy Hartono1, Retno Sri Lestari1

1Jurusan Gizi, Politeknik Kesehatan Kemenkes, Makassar

 

Abstract

Background: The nutrition problems among pregnant women have short-term and long term consequences, such as delivery complications, anemia, bleeding, or pre-eclampsia were often triggered by nutrient deficiency in pregnant women. prevalence of anemi among pregnant women in Gowa was high around 23%.

Objectives: To determine the prevalence of anemia and risk factors associated with anemia in pregnant women.

Methods: A cross sectional study. The sample was selected by random sampling with criteria based on the first trimester of pregnancy and the beginning of the second trimester. The total sample were 80 pregnant women. Characteristics of sample collected by interviewing and observational questionnaire, upper arm circumference measured by MUAC tape and anemia measured by a HemoCue 201+.

Results: Around 59 mothers (73.8%) were the first trimester of pregnancy, and around 26 mothers (32.5%) of them suffering anemia. In general (80.0%) of pregnant women aged 20 years, 91.2% have checkups at health workers, 10.0% high risk to KEK, 78.0% of them the first pregnancy. Based on statistically analysis, gestational age is a risk factor for anemia in pregnant women in the Puskesmas Bontonompo with OR 2.443.

Conclusions: The prevalence of anemia in pregnant women trimester I and II is quite high at 32.5%, nutritional intake in pregnant women was low. and the gestation is the one of risks factor of anemia.

Recommendations:  Need to increase the consumption of food sources of protein, and other food as a source of vitamins and minerals. Prevention and intervention at an early stage in the form of supplements in early pregnancy the mother.

Keywords: risk factors, anemia, pregnant women

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