GAMBARAN ASUPAN ENERGI, ZAT GIZI MAKRO DAN STATUS GIZI ANAK BALITA DI DESA BUNTUBUDA KECAMATAN MAMASA KABUPATEN MAMASA SULAWESI BARAT

Lydia Fanny1,  Chaerunnimah1, Novita Yasmine2

1Jurusan Gizi, Politeknik Kesehatan Kemenkes, Makassar

2Alumni Jurusan Gizi, Politeknik Kesehatan Kemenkes, Makassar

 

Abstract

Backgrounds: The prevalence of malnutrition in South Sulawesi, according to the results Riskesdas was 5.1% and 12.5% ​​malnutrition of 23 districts / cities have 8 district / city on the South Sulawesi provincial rate and has reached the target achievement of nutrition programs in Development Plan (Development Plan) in 2015 amounted to 20% (Balitbangkes, 2008).

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to determine energy intake picture, macro nutrients and nutritional status of children under five in the Village District of Mamasa Buntubuda Mamasa district of West Sulawesi.

Methods: This research is an observational descriptive approach. Samples are numbered 20 toddlers were taken by purposive sampling. Respondents were mothers of children under five. Frequency of consumption of black rice obtained through the Food frequensy questionnaire. Intake of energy, protein, fat and carbohydrates through the 24-hour recall. Nutritional status was obtained through anthropometric measurements. The data presented in the form of frequency distribution tables and narrative.

Results: The results showed that the frequency of black rice toddlers in the village of the District Buntubuda Mamasa Mamasa district as much (75%) good, (20%) enough, and (5%) less. Nutrient intake of children under five are less energy intake by 65%, less protein intake as much as 10%, less fat intake as much as 70%, and less carbohydrate intake as much as 45%. Nutritional status of children under five by index W / A 100% good nutrition, TB / U normal 60%, 25% short and very short 15%, weight / height 25% fat and 75% of normal.

Recommendation: Suggested feeding toddlers need more intensive attention from parents that their children are given foods that contain balanced nutrition for the creation of nutritional status optimal.Dan need for further research to consider other factors such as infectious diseases and maternal nutrition knowledge.

Keywords: Intake of Energy, Protein, Fat, Carbohydrates and Nutritional Status

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