Zakaria1, Rosmini2, Retno Sri Lestari1
1Jurusan Gizi, Politeknik Kesehatan Makassar
2Ahli Gizi RSUD Daya, Kota Makassar
Background: Maternal nutritional status will be associated with the performance of post-partum, quality and quantity of breast milk (ASI) that will affect the nutritional status of infants.
Objective : The purpose of this study was to determine the nutritional status of postpartum by body mass index (BMI), the status of a chronic energy malnutrition (CEM)) and anemia status.
Method : Descriptive research design with a sample of 72 postpartum maternal. Samples determined purposive sampling. Primary data includes anthropometric weight measured using scale seca brand stampede to the nearest 0.1 kg, and maternal height was measured using microtoice the nearest 0.1 cm. BMI status is determined based on the index weight (kg) divided by height (m)2. Upper arm circumference were measured using MUAC tape to the nearest 0.1 cm. Hemoglobin (Hb) was measured by using the cyanmethemoglobin method Hb 201+ Hemocue tool to determine the status of maternal anemia.
Result : The results obtained in general postpartum maternal aged 19-29 years as many as 52 mothers (72.2%), educated on average completed primary school and junior high school respectively 38 mothers (52.8%) and 18 mothers (25.8%). maternal generally do not work the formal and informal sector (housewife) of 71 mothers (98.6%). The nutritional status of the mother postpartum thin as much as 15.3 (15.3%), risk KEK 16 (22.2%) and the status of anemia by 30 (41.7%).
Conclusion : Most small thin postpartum maternal status and risk of chronic energy malnutrition respectively 15.3% and 22.2%. However, the status of anemia is relatively high at 41.7%.
Recomendation : It is expected to pay attention to the intake of food consumed each day mainly animal and vegetable food sources with the aim of maintaining good nutritional status. Education programs on proper breastfeeding and the need for supplementation program held in puerperal women in order to reduce the incidence of postpartum maternal anemia.
Keywords: nutritional status, maternal postpartum
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