HUBUNGAN ASUPAN ZAT GIZI DAN PENYAKIT INFEKSI DENGAN KEJADIAN STUNTING ANAK USIA 24-59 BULAN DI POSYANDU ASOKA II KELURAHAN BAROMBONG KECAMATAN TAMALATE KOTA MAKASSAR

Wina Kurnia S1., Irviani Anwar Ibrahim1, Dwi Santy Damayati1

1Fakultas Ilmu Kesehatan, Universitas Islam Negeri, Makassar

 

Abstract

Background: Stunting is a chronic nutritional problem that arises as a result of malnutrition which is accumulated in a long time.

Objectives: The research aims to determine the relationship the intake of macro-nutrients (energy and protein), the intake of micronutrients (vitamin A, vitamin B12, calcium, fe, zinc and phosphorus) and infectious diseases (URI and diarrhea) to stunting case on children aged 24-59 months in posyandu Asoka II coastal areas Barombong Village District of Tamalate Makassar 2014.

Methods: This reasearch is a quantitative research through observational analytic approach with a cross-sectional study design. The total sample is 62 people use a total sampling technique.

Results: The results showed that the majority of the sample (54,8%) had problems of stunting and the rest (45,2%) had normal nutritional status. Based on bivariate analysis, it showed that there was a relationship between energy intake (p = 0,031), and protein (p = 0,014) with stunting case on children aged 24-59 months in posyandu Asoka II coastal areas Barombong Village District. There was no association between intake of vitamin A (p = 0,257), vitamin B12 (p = 0,276), calcium (p = 0,102), fe (p = 0,185), zinc (p = 0,053), phosphorus (p = 0,063), URI (p = 0,09) and diarrhea (p = 0,895) with stunting case on children aged 24-59 months in posyandu Asoka II coastal areas Barombong Village District of Tamalate Makassar.

Conclusions: To prevent the increasing in the prevalence of stunting, parents are expected to pay more attention to their food to avoid a deficiency of certain nutrients to improv hygiene practices/higyene and environmental sanitation.

Keywords: Stunting, nutrition intake, URI, diarrhea, children aged 24-59 months, coastal areas

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