PENGARUH KONSELING GIZI TERHADAP TINGKAT PENGETAHUAN, KONSUMSI TABLET BESI, DAN KADAR HEMOGLOBIN IBU HAMIL ANEMIA DIWILAYAH PUSKESMAS TEPPO KABUPATEN PINRANG.

Nursalim1,  Nadimin1, Rio Rhita2

1Jurusan Gizi Politeknik Kesehatan Makassar

2Dinas Kesehatan, Kabupaten Pinrang

 

AbstracT

Background: Iron deficiency is the most common nutritional problems found throughout the world, which cause iron deficiency anemia in the 500 to 600 million people. Various activities are carried out in order to sensitize the public in the field of nutrition is quite a lot. These activities, such as the one contained in the action plan of the Ministry of Health, which is improving the community through the provision of nutrition education materials and the Information Education Communication (IEC) campaigns and nutrition

Objective: To investigate the effect of nutritional counseling on the level of knowledge, the consumption of iron tablets and hemoglobin levels in pregnant women.

Methods: This design is quasi experiment, the design of non-randomized control group pretest-posttest. Pregnant women who meet the criteria divided into two groups: the first group were given intervention iron supplementation and nutritional counseling, and second, the control group were given iron supplementation. Each intervention conducted for one month. Nutritional counseling is done at home each sample once a week (3 weeks) and started on the second week after data retrieval characteristics of respondents. Counseling is done by using a leaflet with the material sense anemia in pregnant women, signs and symptoms of anemia, causes of anemia, the risk of anemia in pregnant women, and how to prevent anemia in pregnant women. Before and after the intervention and knowledge measured hemoglobin levels.

Results: There were significant differences in the level of knowledge among pregnant women in the case group to the control group as measured knowledge scores before and after the intervention (p <0.05). Average consumption of iron tablets in the cases as much as 27.46 grains, the amount more than the average of tablets consumed by the control group just as much as 15.86 grains. There is a difference hb levels were significantly between the cases and the control group (p = 0.000).

Conclusion: Nutritional counseling can improve nutritional knowledge, compliance iron tablet consumption and hemoglobin levels of pregnant women

*) UNDUH FULL TEXT : 11-nursalim-nadimin-rio-rhita