1Jurusan Gizi, Politeknik Kesehatan Kemenkes, Makassar
Background: South Sulawesi is known as the Food Barn but also has under five malnutrition was high. In 2014 held Nutritional Status Monitoring (PSG) in each province, including in South Sulawesi. PSG has been providing nutritional status information and the general state of the family of under five children, including the educational level of parents.
Methods: a cross sectional study, children aged 0-59 months was selected by cluster random sampling. The sample selection is done through three stages: first, the selection of districts/cities by systematic random sampling; second, the selection of clusters (villages/RW) each 30 clusters; and the third selection of households (RT) 10 RT using anti-mosquito cycle models. Nutritional status was determined based on the index of weight for age, height for age and weight for height, and the level of parental education were collected through interviews.
Results: The level of parents’ education both father and mother are the most complete primary school and high school graduation. Prevalence of underweight were 26.1%, stunting were 37.55% and wasting were 11.02%. District/city of the highest prevalence of underweight, stunting and wasting was Takalar and the lowest is the Luwu. Prevalence of underweight, stunting and wasting tends to decrease with an increase in the level of maternal education.
Conclusion: The prevalence of underweight is still higher than Riskesdas 2014 and 2015 MDG targets despite a decline in malnutrition. There is a relationship between maternal education levels with the nutritional status of children.
Keywords: Nutritional status, under five, mother’s education.
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